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Year 2024 - March | Volume -2 | Issue -2 (1)

WOMEN’S EDUCATION: PRE AND POST INDEPENDENT INDIA

Author: Susanta Sarkar

DOI Link ::

Abstract: In India, violence against women is a common evil. It is not only prevalent in rural and remote parts but in cities also, women bear the brunt. They are subjected to physical and mental violence. They are the ones who work most but are not given their due. Women are not safe anywhere, neither at home nor at workplace. Every hour a woman is raped in India and every 93 minutes a woman is burnt to death due to dowry harassment. John Elliot Drinkwater Bethune established the Bethune School in 1849 in Mirzapur, Kolkata, which developed into the Bethune College in 1879, thus becoming the first women’s college in India. First Indian-born woman to enter space in 1997, Kalpana Chawla’s life ended tragically when while returning from her second mission for 16-days, her space shuttle Columbia disintegrated and killed the 41 year old astronaut.

Keywords: Violence, women, harassment, pre and post independence, astronaut etc.

JOB SATISFACTION OF PRIMARY SCHOOLTEACHERS IN RELATION TO SOME PERSONAL VARIABLES

Author: Dr. Yogita Mandol

DOI Link :: https://doi-ds.org/doilink/04.2024-78992748/BIJMRD/ Vol -2 / 2 (1)/2024/A3/Arijit Bera

Abstract: The role of teacher is often formal and ongoing, carried out at a school or other place of formal education. These professional qualifications may include the study of pedagogy, the science of teaching. Teachers, like other professionals, may have to continue their education after they qualify, a process known as continuing professional development.Job satisfaction could be said that the felling of joy and pleasure that a person has at the work he is engaged is known as his job satisfaction. Job is linked with his set of mind. It seems to be his personal concern. Job satisfaction serves him as his motivation to do the work. This influences his effectiveness at work. Teachers are accorded great due to their manipulative skills in igniting the inherent talents of the children. Hence NCTE (1998) put emphasis on teacher education as only enlightened and emancipated teachers can lead communities and nations in there march towards better and higher quality of life. Recent thrust on elementary education is intended to increase enrolment, retention and reduce drop and rates by achieving success. They were given in service training and hints to look into the quality dimensions of education with a paltry salary not commensurate with their educational qualifications. But whether teachers working at that level are satisfied or not, this was where looked. The study intended highlight the job satisfaction of teachers working at the primary school in relation to nature of job, gender, locale, management and educational qualification variation. Dixits job satisfaction scale (1998), developed by Panda (2007) was administered over a sample of 100 primary school teachers of Gonda, Uttar Pradesh. The findings of the study reveled that adhoc, female, govt. school and under graduate teachers are more satisfied on their job than the regular, male, pvt. school and graduate teachers.

Keywords: Job Satisfaction, Primary School teachers, Educational qualification.

Technological Interventions in Teacher Education in the light of NEP 2020

Author: Arijit Bera

DOI Link :: https://doi-ds.org/doilink/04.2024-78992748/BIJMRD/ Vol -2 / 2 (1)/2024/A3/Arijit Bera

Abstract: The National Education Policy 2020 envisions a modern education system that will directly contribute to our nation’s long-term transformation into an egalitarian and thriving knowledge society by delivering high-quality education to everyone. Education is more than simply memorizing information or increasing vocabularies; it is also about developing skills that will enable pupils to engage with the world and succeed in the workplace. Classrooms that concentrate on technology prepare pupils for a bright future. The current research was conducted to investigate the provisions for employing technology in the teacher education. Understanding the principle of using technology can help broaden the minds of teachers and teacher educators, leading to the elimination of rote learning and drill, allowing for creative discourse between teacher educator and intern, followed by similar interaction and learning between teacher and learner in the school classroom.

Keywords: Technology, Contemporary Education, Knowledge Society, Classroom.

Role of Theatre in Indian Nationalism during the Colonial period

Author: Dhirendra Nath Ghosh

DOI Link :: https://doi-ds.org/doilink/04.2024-96352824/BIJMRD/Vol -2 / 2 (1)/2024/A4/Dhirendra Nath Ghosh

Abstract: Theatre has constituted an important part of the cultural life and public entertainment in India with its varied manifestations. The material state of literacy during the colonial era makes the study of theatrical activities very important. Being an oral cultural form, it provides platforms for political awareness as well as a means of representing the views of the general public. The study emphasizes how, throughout the colonial era, theatre underwent a transformation that made it a crucial arena for social and political activities. Through artistic forms, it questioned and resisted the authoritarian framework, eliciting a range of reactions. This essay illustrates how Indian theatre evolved during the colonial era. Since the late 19th century, theatre has played a significant role in social and political movements. Through the employment of artistic forms, it challenged and questioned authoritarian structures. However, while being a crucial platform for progressive authors and political activists, theatre’s position in Colonial studies is characterized by ambiguity and marginality.

Keywords: Entertainment, Awareness, Cultural Life, Literacy.

Women in Leadership

Author: Mr. Uday Modak

DOI Link :: https://doi-ds.org/doilink/04.2024-55221355/BIJMRD/Vol -2 / 2 (1)/2024/A5/Uday Modak

Abstract:“The ability to learn is the most important quality a leader can have.”

                                    -Padmasree Warrior (CEO & Founder, Fable)

Women are often dynamic leaders of change, galvanizing women and men to get involved, claim their rights, strengthen their communities and protect their planet. Their participation is fundamental to democratic governance. Yet women still have far to go towards equal representation in positions of power and leadership, whether in corporate boardrooms or presidential cabinets. Women have a right to equal participation. Once in leadership roles, they can make a difference that benefits whole societies.

    This study aimed to identify status of women, as well point out factors hindering women from the participating in public and forward some possible recommendations for solving the problems identified through study. Some researcher has forwarded some possible ways in which women could appear in public decision making and leadership.

Keywords: Leadership, Decision making process, Characteristics, Glass Ceiling.

Entrepreneurship Opportunities for Women: NEP 2020 and Startup Ecosystem

Author: Suman Gupta

DOI Link :: https://doi-ds.org/doilink/04.2024-71462523/BIJMRD/Vol -2 / 2 (1)/2024/A6/Suman Gupta

Abstract:This paper investigates the intersection of entrepreneurship opportunities for women, the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020, and the startup ecosystem. With a primary focus on NEP 2020’s implications for women’s empowerment in entrepreneurship, the research explores the policy’s provisions and their impact on fostering a supportive environment for women entrepreneurs. By analyzing key elements such as entrepreneurship education integration, infrastructure development, and industry collaboration facilitated by NEP 2020, this study aims to understand how these initiatives contribute to the growth of women-led startups. Through empirical evidence and qualitative analysis, the study identifies challenges and opportunities within the startup ecosystem for women entrepreneurs and proposes strategies to leverage NEP 2020 effectively. The findings contribute to the discourse on gender-inclusive entrepreneurship policies and provide insights for policymakers, educators, and stakeholders to further empower women in the entrepreneurial landscape.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Women, National Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020), Startup Ecosystem, Empowerment, Policy Imhttps://bijmrd.com/wp-content/uploads/2024/04/Suman-Gupta-31-36.pdfplications, Gender Inclusivity, Education Integration, Infrastructure Development, Industry Collaboration.

Women Empowerment & Gender Discrimination

Author: Awaneesh Baibhav

DOI Link :: https://doi-ds.org/doilink/04.2024-32594124/BIJMRD/Vol -2 / 2 (1)/2024/A7/Awaneesh Baibhav

Abstract:Gender discrimination is a curse in society. However, we still see these in society. These malpractices can easily hinder the growth of a country in society. In the 21st century, we still divide work according to gender. As a country with a very long and rich civilization, India worships women as goddesses. However, there are discrimination, bias, and stereotypes against women in our society from a very early age. While we tell ourselves that our society is modern, we still see female infanticide, dowry, and early girl marriage. This study tried to determine what kinds of gender discrimination were found based on women’s perceptions. It will be a comparative study that will help us know why gender discrimination still exists in society and the possible solutions to these problems.

Keywords: Gender, Gender discrimination, Gender stereotype, gender bias, women empowerment.

Storytelling in The Digital Era: Scopes And Perspectives

Author: Mr. Mantu Sahoo

DOI Link :: https://doi-ds.org/doilink/04.2024-77496413/BIJMRD/Vol -2 / 2 (1)/2024/A8/Mantu Sahoo

Abstract: Storytelling constitutes the use of narrative and facts in order to express a topic of interest or concern to an audience. To produce and share stories with the appropriate audience, digital storytelling uses information technology. The purpose of this study is to examine the scopes and perspectives of storytelling in the context of digitalization. Technological improvements have also changed how individuals exchange stories and stay informed about numerous topics. Storytelling has become a more inclusive experience as technology advances. It has been argued that via sharing personal experiences, the digital storytelling movement contributes to crucial aspects of the influence of stories on fostering and building collective relationships in communities. Individual experiences are conveyed, documented, and shared via digital storytelling, which emphasises everyday communication acts. To summarise, storytelling in the digital world may take many various forms depending on the circumstances, including interconnectivity narratives, self-staging narratives, boundary management narratives, and transformation narratives.

Keywords: Digital Storytelling, Transformation, Community, Audience.

Academic Achievement of Schedule Caste and Schedule Tribe Girls in Higher Education: A Comparative Study

Author: Paramita Paul & Dr. Arun Maity

DOI Link :: https://doi-ds.org/doilink/04.2024-39983992/BIJMRD/Vol -2 / 2 (1)/2024/A9/Paul & Maity

Abstract:A student’s academic success is defined by the results of their studies that show how much they have learned. Earning a bachelor’s degree is one example of a significant academic accomplishment. Assessments in the classroom often take the form of exams or ongoing evaluations. How far a school or individual has come in their pursuit of educational objectives, both immediate and distant, is known as academic accomplishment. Graduation rates are one indicator of institutional success, whereas students’ GPAs are one indicator of student success. The present study aims to compare the academic achievement of SC and ST girls in higher education namely university level. For this purpose the researcher has followed the cross sectional method. A sample of 80 girls (40 SC and 40 ST) were the participants of the study. The study has found out that the SC girls have better academic achievement than the ST girls. Since not all castes and members of scheduled castes are accepted into mainstream universities, it may be concluded that there is still room for development in the socioeconomic situations of this group.

Keywords: Academic, Socioeconomic, Marginalized Communities, Environment.

Status of Primary Rural Education in Bankura, West Bengal

Author: Dr. Pradip Kumar Bhunia

DOI Link :: https://doi-ds.org/doilink/04.2024-56162632/BIJMRD/Vol -2 / 2 (1)/2024/A10/P. K. Bhunia

Abstract: This article aims to focus on the status of primary education in the district of Bankura, West Bengal. Along with the status of the primary education the related problems and the measures taken by government are also major concern of this study. The Indian constitution clearly stipulates that primary education is a fundamental right of children aged 6 to 14 years. However, the majority of them drops out of school or do not attend on a regular basis. So, despite the government’s best efforts to provide universal access to basic education, several concerns remain unresolved. Primary education is seen as a springboard for secondary education. The analysis indicates that, although the situation seems to be dire, beneficial improvements over the previous several years cannot be ignored. Aside from raising awareness about the need of education, providing facilities, and ensuring excellent education, the usefulness of education must also be assured.

Keywords: Primary Education, Problems, Government Measures, Bankura.

A Study on the Educational Relevance of Human Rights in Indian Context

Author: Dr. Probir Halder

DOI Link :: https://doi-ds.org/doilink/04.2024-13281975/BIJMRD/Vol -2 / 2 (1)/2024/A11/Probir Halder

Abstract: Since the beginning of human civilization, education has played an important role in awakening, teaching, and equipping people to perform a variety of jobs in society. Thus, education is widely recognized as an indication of human growth and as a means of enabling individuals to better their quality of life, resulting in desired transformations in social, cultural, and economic policies and practices. Human dignity is at the heart of human rights education, and it must be recognized, fulfilled, and universalized. Human rights are best suited to the study of good peace because they provide the environment and procedure for social cohesiveness and peaceful conflict resolution. Furthermore, The Vienna Declaration (2001) declares that states should work to eliminate illiteracy and direct education toward the complete development of the human personality, as well as the enhancement of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. The World Conference on Human Rights urges all states and institutions to incorporate human rights, humanitarian law, democracy, and the rule of law into all learning institutions’ curricula, both formal and informal. Human Rights Education is an essential component of the right to an education and is increasingly recognized as a human right in and of itself. Knowledge of one’s own and others’ rights and freedoms is regarded as a crucial instrument in ensuring the respect of all rights for all people, as stated in the Indian Constitution. The cornerstone of human rights education is that it should not only produce qualified professional workers, but also instil ideals of peace and tolerance for a higher purpose.

Keywords: Human Right, culture, Human Dignity, Environment, Fundamental freedom.

Women Empowerment & Inspire Inclusion

Author: Dr. Savita Mishra

DOI Link :: https://doi-ds.org/doilink/04.2024-57642292/BIJMRD/Vol -2 / 2 (1)/2024/A12/ Savita Mishra

Abstract:“Women empowerment” and “women equality with men” is a universal issue. Women empowerment is a term that is used to encourage, inspire and celebrate women. It is also used to celebrate the strides that women and girls have taken in terms of gender equality, financial independence and high confidence. Women empowerment is all about giving women the power and control of their lives to become anything they want and to do what they want in situations where they were not allowed once upon a time. It refers to the creation of an environment for women where they can make decisions of their own for their personal benefits as well as for the society.Nature of our society is male dominating from starting so work done by women were never recognized and appreciated. Nobody has ever mentioned about their contribution in music. The campaign theme for International Women’s Day 2024 is Inspire Inclusion. When we inspire others to understand and value women’s inclusion, we forge a better world. And when women themselves are inspired to be included, there’s a sense of belonging, relevance, and empowerment. Collectively, let’s forge a more inclusive world for women.

Keywords: Women Empowerment, Inspire Inclusion, Education.

NEP 2020: Women Empowerment

Author: Dr. Anil Kumar Dubey

DOI Link :: https://doi-ds.org/doilink/04.2024-62438928/BIJMRD/Vol -2 / 2 (1)/2024/A13/A. K. Dubey

Abstract:Women Empowerment essentially means women gaining more power and control over their own lives. For a nation to grow, for democracy to be truly established and for wider participation of the population in growth and development of the economy, the empowerment of women and the improvement of their political, social, economic and health status are of vital importance. In National Education Policy 2020, even greater emphasis has been laid on women’s education. Several steps have been outlined to make women’s education even more progressive. Among them are setting up non-formal education programs enabling out-of-school girls to enter the mainstream of education and providing education to remote rural women through open schools or distance education systems. Appointing of more female teachers to fructify these means of expanding women’s education have also been suggested in the NEP 2020.

Keywords: Women Empowerment, NEP 2020, Education

Need of Women Empowerment

Author: Mrs. Mala Modak

DOI Link :: https://doi-ds.org/doilink/04.2024-47775648/BIJMRD/Vol -2 / 2 (1)/2024/A14/Mala Modak

Abstract: Women are gradually making their leadership presence felt in entrepreneurship, administration, education, engineering, health, etc. at regional, national, and global levels. Women are now resolved to break the traditional glass ceiling that barred them from entering leadership positions even if they possessed requisite skills and talent to occupy them.

‘WOMEN EMPOWERMENT’ refers to increasing the spiritual, political, social, educational, gender or economic strength of individuals and communities of women. Women’s empowerment in India is heavily dependent on many different variables that include geographical location (urban / rural) educational status social status (caste and class) and age. ‘WOMEN EMPOWERMENT’ refers to increasing the spiritual, political, social, educational, gender or economic strength of individuals and communities of women. Women’s empowerment in India is heavily dependent on many different variables that include geographical location (urban / rural) educational status social status (caste and class) and age. Empowerment of women is essentially the process of upliftment of economic, social and political status of women, the traditionally underprivileged ones, in the society. It is the process of guarding them against all forms of violence. Women empowerment involves the building up of a society, a political environment, wherein women can breathe without the fear of oppression, exploitation, apprehension, discrimination and the general feeling of persecution which goes with being a woman in a traditionally male dominated structure.

Women are constantly evolving and reaching new milestones across a wide spectrum of human activities in modern times. The world has witnessed the advent of women leaders such as Hillary Rodham Clinton, Indra Nooyi, Oprah Winfrey, Theresa May, Christine Lagarde, to name a few.

Keywords: Women, Women’s empowerment, Upliftment, New Milestones.

Women’s Empowerment in India

Author: Dr. Piyus Raj Prabhat

DOI Link :: https://doi-ds.org/doilink/04.2024-81387593/BIJMRD/Vol -2 / 2 (1)/2024/A16/P.R. Prabhat

Abstract: Empowerment includes control our resource such as physical, human intellectual and financial; and ideology like belief, values ad attitude (Baltiwala, 1994). In 1960, in civil right movement the concept of empowerment is origin. It has since then interpreted differently in different sectors as business, social work, development, discourse, different political agendas, a largely individual process of taking control and responsibility towards one’s life and situation and defining it as a political process of granting human rights and social justice to disadvantage group of people. The concept women’s empowerment come after Feminism movement started in China, 1911. Women’s empowerment means given equal status to women with men. Empowering women towards socio-economically, politically, physically and psychologically develop through increase awareness of their right and duties, higher level of education for them, better health care for them, equal worship of productive resource and increase participations in economic, commercial and political sections, improve standards of living and acquiring self-reliance, self-esteem and self-confidence.

Keywords: Women Empowerment, Empowerment, Education.

Impact of National Education Policy 2020 on ICT in Higher Education

Author: Dr. Vidyasagar Halder

DOI Link :: https://doi-ds.org/doilink/04.2024-25349935/BIJMRD/Vol -2 / 2 (1)/2024/A17/Vidyasagar Halder

Abstract:ICT is utilized in many fields; however, it doesn’t improve the standard of education. There are no established standards for assessing the quality of education, which has drawn criticism. Information technology includes hardware, software, and methods for gathering, storing, processing, and presenting data and information. Information and communication technology has the power to significantly alter education for students, instructors, teacher educators, and others. It can also provide creative, effective solutions to some of the problems facing our country’s educational system. India is one of the emerging nations that has made the greatest advancements in ICT development. Its growth has been astounding, especially in the area of education. ICTs will unquestionably be the cornerstone of future development. There is now a new global economy due to the pace of globalization and technical innovation during the last fifteen years. The goals and nature of educational institutions are greatly impacted by the emergence of this new global economy. Schools can’t just be places where teachers impart a certain body of knowledge to pupils over a predetermined amount of time, as the half-time of information continues to decline and access to information increases exponentially.

Keywords: Educational quality, Students, Teachers, ICT, Globalization, School education.

A Study of School Learning Environment on Students And Teacher’s Performance at Secondary Levels

Author: Gobinda Kumar Das

DOI Link :: https://doi-ds.org/doilink/04.2024-95585521/BIJMRD/Vol -2 / 2 (1)/2024/A18/Gobinda Kumar Das

Abstract:The research focused on the study of the school environment in terms of internal and external factors, primarily abandonment, lack of values, and violence, which have a significant impact on the success or failure of the educational process; in effect, the scientific literature determines that performance is determined by socioeconomic, cultural, pedagogical, and technological conditions. In short, working in the venues where activities take place has a transcendental impact on the emotional, physical, and procedural aspects of the learner. As a result, the purpose was on studying the school environment and its impact on the teaching-learning process in educational institutions, to provide a safe and calm environment. where coexistence serves as the foundation for interpersonal relationships among members of the training community, in order to produce a safe and peaceful atmosphere. Certainly, the investigation took a qualitative method, employing unstructured observation and deductive-inductive bibliographic review techniques to determine the true situation of students in rural institutions. In conclusion, the findings revealed high levels of bullying, demotivation, and intra-family problems; in other words, it provided data on difficulties caused by limitations in didactic, technological, and human resources; in short, the aspect is not taken into account in educational reforms, and ignorance causes conflicts in the pedagogical field.

Keywords: School environment, Academic performance, Teaching learning process, Pedagogical knowledge.

Development of Secondary Education in India: A Historical Study

Author: Ummea Sulma Biswas

DOI Link :: https://doi-ds.org/doilink/04.2024-21558548/BIJMRD/Vol -2 / 2 (1)/2024/A19/Ummea Sulma Biswas

Abstract:Secondary education is regarded as the key to lead to progression of the individuals. When the individuals reach this stage, they realize the significance of education. They realize that it is of utmost significance for them to generate awareness in terms of benefits of secondary education and how it would be helpful to them in bringing about improvements in their overall quality of lives. In this article the researcher has made an attempt to discuss the historical development of the Secondary Education in India. It also highlights the aims and objectives of the Secondary Education and its structure in the present context of NEP 2020. The study concludes that the aims of secondary education are dedicated towards development of vocational efficiency, intellectual development, creativity, artistic and cultural interests and overall personality of the individuals. Finally, it can be stated that development of secondary education leads to effective growth and development of not only individuals, but communities and nation as a whole.

Keywords: Development, Creativity. Secondary Education, Vocational Efficiency.

Women Education from Traditional to Modernity

Author: Ms. Bandana Barman

DOI Link :: https://doi-ds.org/doilink/04.2024-71735914/BIJMRD/Vol -2 / 2 (1)/2024/A20/Bandana Barman

Abstract:Education is globally acknowledged as the most powerful means of empowering girls and women and protecting them from the violation of their human rights. Investing in girls’ and women’s education can transform, and even save, lives—the lives of girls and women, and the lives of their families and communities. It is one of the most effective ways to achieve positive, sustainable change in the world, for everyone. Education sets in motion a virtuous spiral: girls and women gain greater knowledge, skills, self-confidence and capabilities, improving their own life prospects—and, in turn, an educated woman provides better nutrition, health care, and education for her family. Education enables a woman to take greater control of her life and gain inclusion in decision-making processes, which unleashes her potential to contribute socially and economically to her family’s and community’s wellbeing.

Yet, today, millions of girls and women across the world live in debilitating poverty and are denied their right to education and two thirds of the world’s illiterate adults are women.

Keywords:

Different types of Challenges in Women empowerment

Author: Mr. Chandan Maji

DOI Link :: https://doi-ds.org/doilink/04.2024-19728354/BIJMRD/Vol -2 / 2 (1)/2024/A21/Chandan Maji

Abstract: “There is no chance of the welfare of the world unless the condition of women is improved. It is not possible for a bird to fly on one wing.”

Swami Vivekananda.

‘WOMEN EMPOWERMENT’ refers to increasing the spiritual, political, social, educational, gender or economic strength of individuals and communities of women. Women’s empowerment in India is heavily dependent on many different variables that include geographical location (urban / rural) educational status social status (caste and class) and age. Empowerment of women is essentially the process of upliftment of economic, social and political status of women, the traditionally underprivileged ones, in the society. It is the process of guarding them against all forms of violence. Women empowerment involves the building up of a society, a political environment, wherein women can breathe without the fear of oppression, exploitation, apprehension, discrimination and the general feeling of persecution which goes with being a woman in a traditionally male dominated structure.

 Keywords: Women’s Empowerment, upliftment, violence.

Scope of E-Learning in the Context of School Education: A Detail Study

Author: Tapas Kumar Manna

DOI Link :: https://doi-ds.org/doilink/04.2024-65645511/BIJMRD/Vol -2 / 2 (1)/2024/A22/T. K. Manna

Abstract:The present study has been undertaken to understand the significance of the E-Learning in the School education, to study the changes that can be brought about by the use of E-Learning. It also discusses the applications of E-Learning in the School education. Required information have been gathered by following different secondary sources of information in terms of journals, books etc. The study’s conclusion is that there is hope for the next generation to get the assistance and life skills they need if school education in India continues to build on its greatest traditions and stays realistic, adaptable, and child-centered. In order to effectively and educationally suitably employ e-learning, we must make sure that the technology does not dictate the nature of the learning process. It is a given fact that effective instructors and in-person instruction will not be entirely replaced by online learning platforms.

Keywords: E-Learning, Online Learning, School Education.

A Study of the Role of West Bengal Government in Women Empowerment

Author: Ashis Ghosh

DOI Link :: https://doi-ds.org/doilink/04.2024-96878496/BIJMRD/Vol -2 / 2 (1)/2024/A23/Ashis Ghosh

Abstract:Women Empowerment can be defined to promote women’s sense of self-worth, their ability to determine their own choices and their right influence Social changes for themselves and others Empower of women is a process aimed at changing the, nature a direction of Systematic forces, which marginalize women in Society women empowerment has gained momentum only after 90s. Since independence a Lot of Schemes were also undertake to empowerment the female Community. As against this backdrop the task of women empowerment has become a vital agenda in the development of all countries. This paper discusses the women empowerment in West Bengal and role of West Bengal by analyzing gender gap with respect to sex ratio, health, education, voice in decision making in household governing bodies, and women social political and financial inclusion. Women empowerment schemes has been analyzed on the basis of the secondary data, collected from Government and non-government sources. Delineating the essential issue to women empowerment in West Bengal, this study highlights the challenges before the state to reach into that destination.

Keywords: Woman Empowerment, Gender Gap, Government schemes.

An analysis of the problems and obstacles associated with women’s empowerment in India

Author: Souvik Bhatta

DOI Link :: https://doi-ds.org/doilink/04.2024-72195187/BIJMRD/Vol -2 / 2 (1)/2025/A5/Souvik Bhatta

Abstract:This paper attempts to analyze the problems and obstacles associated with women’s empowerment in India. One of the most significant issues of the twenty-first century is now women’s empowerment. Women’s empowerment means creating a political and social climate in which they can live freely from the oppression, exploitation, fear, prejudice, and overall sense of persecution that comes with being a woman in a system that has historically been dominated by men. In India, violence against women refers to acts of physical or sexual abuse, particularly those perpetrated by men. Domestic abuse, sexual assault, and murder are prevalent types of violence against women in India. Since the victim is a woman, this action must be taken solely to raise awareness of violence against women. These acts are typically committed by men who conform to gender-biased roles. The National Offense Records Bureau of India reports that there has been a rise in the number of crimes committed against women, with one such offense occurring every three minutes. Indian planners and policymakers have given women’s emancipation a lot of thought. The government’s initiatives to empower women are covered in this section. Women’s self-esteem and society as a whole depend on them being empowered. It is feasible for women to have equal rights in politics, the economy, society, and education. Women are free to follow their own happy lives in terms of work, language, religion, and other interests in addition to integrating into society. The empowerment of women is currently the most effective development approach in India; worldwide, women are actively pursuing leadership roles and surpassing males in all endeavors. The study concludes that one of the most significant issues of the twenty-first century, both domestically and globally, is the empowerment of women. To accomplish these goals, government measures alone are insufficient. Women should have full autonomy to self-determination so they can engage in the social, political, and economic life of the nation with a sense of equality. Gender discrimination should not exist, and society should take the effort to establish such an environment.

Keywords: Women Empowerment, Education, Article, Violence against women, Obstacles.

Education and women empowerment in India with special reference to Cooch Behar District of West Bengal

Author: Pralay Kumar Bishnu

DOI Link :: https://doi-ds.org/doilink/04.2024-15527147/BIJMRD/Vol -2 / 2 (1)/2024/A26/Pralay Kumar Bishnu

Abstract:Education of women is realized to be the most essential part for the development of the society. Empowerment of women has been recognised as the central issue in determining the status of women. The paper focuses on women empowerment in India in general and particularly with respect to Cooch Behar district of west Bengal. Women education particularly in the Cooch Behar district has been impressive to a great extent. Due to which it is found there is lot of women empowerment in terms of economy and productivity. Women from this district have contributed a lot in the progress and development of West Bengal in social, cultural and economic sectors and this was possible through different schemes and policies implemented by the Government of West Bengal.

Keywords: Education, Empowerment of women, Cooch Behar.

Educational Problems of the Secondary and Higher Secondary Tribal Girls Students: A Comparative Study

Author: Harekrishna Mahata

DOI Link :: https://doi-ds.org/doilink/04.2024-88473524/BIJMRD/Vol -2 / 2 (1)/2024/A27/Harekrishna Mahata

Abstract:The present study aims to find out the educational problems of tribal girls students at secondary and higher secondary level. It has also made an attempt to make a comparison of the educational problem between Secondary and Higher Secondary Level in respect of the Locality of the School, Medium and Type of Schools. For this purpose the researcher has used both primary and secondary data. Primary data have been collected by using a structured questionnaire which was validated before final use. Secondary data have been collected by following different books, journals etc. The study’s findings indicate that there is no discernible difference between the educational issues indigenous girls face at the secondary and upper secondary levels. In conclusion, tribal female students encounter a variety of issues that prevent them from continuing their education or from studying. Education must be seen as a liberating instrument, and steps must be done to eliminate barriers that prevent women from accessing both universal and high-quality education on their own.

Keywords: Tribal Girls, Education, Higher Secondary, Locality.

Kanyashree Prakalpa : Social Safeguard of Adolescent Girls

Author: Saroj Mahata

DOI Link :: https://doi-ds.org/doilink/04.2024-56742875/BIJMRD/Vol -2 / 2 (1)/2024/A28/Saroj Mahata

Abstract:Women’s Development in the age of Technology in the 21st century one of the tools for women’s education and Empowerment is the west Bengal women’s Development “Kanyashree Prakalpa”. Kanyashree Scheme for the girls is an important women Empowerment scheme. Government scheme Kanyashree was Introduced to educate the daughters of economically backward families in West Bengal. Currently, many girls are studying till age of 18 to get the benefits of the Kanyashree scheme. Earlier, where girls used to get married before completing secondary and higher secondary, this has been prevented through the Kanyashree Prakalpa. As a result, the rate of early marriage is decreasing day by day and the education rate of women is Increasing a lot. Under this Prakalpa, along with Women’s education, Women’s good health, Socio- economic status and financial security will be ensured. Hence kanyashree Scheme for girls is Considered as an important women Empowerment scheme. What and why “Kanyashree Prakalpa” is one of the resources of West Bengal in women development and Empowerment was discussed.

Keywords: Kanyashree Prakalpa, Scheme, Components, Women Educaton, Financial Security, Empowerment.

A Review of the Teaching of Geography in India’s Secondary Schools

Author: Sangita Das

DOI Link :: https://doi-ds.org/doilink/04.2024-69548685/BIJMRD/Vol -2 / 2 (1)/2024/A29/Sangita Das

Abstract: In secondary schools in India (from class 6 to class 10), geography is taught as a required subject by all of the country’s school boards. Although the topic is regarded as social science, there are significant variations in how it is taught in schools throughout school boards. Using primary data and a literature review, the report gives a general summary of geography taught in secondary schools. with special attention to its role in the curriculum, the credentials of geography teachers, its methodology, the resources and tools available for teaching it, and its overall perception in the classroom. In addition, it lists the main difficulties facing geography instructors, school principals, school board members, and State Councils of Educational Research and Training (SCERTs) as well as offering some suggestions. The study makes the case that geography’s vastness and complexity are the main causes of the discrepancies in how it is taught in India’s secondary schools.

Keywords: Geography Education, School Geography, Geography Curriculum, Geography Teachers, Geography Pedagogy.

Role of Socio Economic Status in the Academic Achievement of Minority Girls Students: An Exploration

Author: Sk. Sanuar

DOI Link :: https://doi-ds.org/doilink/04.2024-29147362/BIJMRD/Vol -2 / 2 (1)/2024/A30/Sk.Snuar

Abstract:The social and economic standing of a person or family within a community is referred to as their socio-economic status. This includes a range of factors, including income, parental education level, employment, and access to opportunities and resources. The primary goals of the research are to investigate the processes by which socioeconomic status influences academic performance and to examine the impact of various socioeconomic status aspects on academic performance. The research also attempted to determine if academic achievement and socioeconomic status were related. The research has made use of both quantitative and qualitative data. Information has been acquired for both primary and secondary sources. The research comes to the conclusion that disparate variables including the availability of educational resources, parental engagement, and interest in extracurricular activities may be responsible for this difference. However, it’s vital to understand that a student’s family wealth should not be a good indicator of their academic standing.

Keywords: Socio-Economic, Academic Achievement, Minority Girls Students.

Science and Technology education in Balance with the Sociocultural Environment

Author: Rachana Kumari

DOI Link :: https://doi-ds.org/doilink/04.2024-56699119/BIJMRD/Vol -2 / 2 (1)/2024/A31/Rachana Kumari

Abstract:Innovation in science and technology has accelerated globalization and commercialization. Multi-present culture is what globalization represents (DEPFE, NCERT). Our sociocultural milieu has undergone a significant transformation as a result of globalization. Our customs have a natural scientific basis, yet blindly adhering to ideas and customs is no longer acceptable. For this reason, contemporary fashions and trends arose. The ecosystem and natural world have suffered greatly as a result of modern living. Broadly speaking, education will be essential in bringing about the necessary change in a number of ways. Global interconnectedness and interdependence can be promoted with the appropriate knowledge of and attitudes toward science and technology. Therefore, imparting knowledge about the importance of these practices along with a proper understanding might lead to an exploration of science and technology for harmony. A sustainable future requires a shared understanding of the importance of selflessness, caring for others, the environment, biodiversity conservation, and recognizing the mutual fulfilment and prosperity of all species. It is only when parents and educators take ownership of their children’s education and actively participate in creating strong social pillars that this kind of approach toward learning becomes feasible.

Keywords: Science And Technology, Value Education, Morals, Ethics, Culture, Society, Nature, Environment.

Women Empowerment in India: Issues and Challenge

Author: Mrs. Sharmistha Singha

DOI Link :: https://doi-ds.org/doilink/04.2024-94188424/BIJMRD/Vol -2 / 2 (1)/2024/A3/.Sharmistha Singha

Abstract: Women empowerment has been thoroughly discussed in the last two decades it refers to increasing and improving the social, economic, political and legal strength of the women, to ensure equal- right to the women. Women are significant contributors to the growing economy. Women empowerment is essential for the achievement of sustainable development. The full participation and partnership of both women and man is required in productive and reproductive life. In all parts of the world, women are facing threats to their lives, health and well-being because of being overburdened with work and of their lack of power and influence.
The current scenario of women empowerment is very disbalance across the various segment of the society. Literacy plays a crucial role in promoting women’s right, achieving empowerment, enhancing overall livelihood and social status of women. Various measures have been taken by ways of enacting laws and implementing policies to empower women, but still there is a big gap that needs to be filled by way of implement more stronger policies and laws and creating an environment of awareness. “It is impossible to think about the welfare of the world unless the condition of women is improved. It is impossible for a bird to fly on only one wing.” – Swami Vivekanand

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