Year 2024-March | Volume -2 | Issue -2

Role of Self Financed College to Maintain Modern Trend and Quality Education in B.Ed Colleges

Author: Aparna Mandal Seth

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Abstract:The thirst for quality in teacher education has been a developmental agenda of all developed and developing countries of the world as teacher education plays vital role in reforming and strengthening the education system of any country. Since government has failed to respond quickly to the demand of changing society and aspirations of individuals and learners, there has been a mushroom growth of private teacher education institutions to meet such needs and aspirations. In the last one decade the number of teacher education colleges has enormously expanded. In this article the researcher has made an attempt to know about the factors responsible for the growth of Self financed B.Ed. colleges, to study the advantages of Self financed B.Ed. colleges and to understand the problems of the growth of self financed B.Ed. colleges. The study also provide with some suggestions that can be implemented to cope with the prevailing situation. Private teacher education is growing worldwide in response to a number of factors and with a variety of goals—meeting the demand for access to teacher education courses; providing more choices or differentiated products to meet the specific demands of the students as consumers and clients; more feasibly implementing variable fee structures on the basis of ability to pay; adopting practices from business management to increase accountability and economic efficiency; shouldering some governmental burdens; rectifying in egalitarian, over-, or mis-use of public provision of teacher education; making the government focus on its prime duty towards literacy and basic education

Keywords: Teacher Education, Effective Management, Privatization, Economic, Employment.

Education of Tribal Women in Post Independent India

Author: Asim Mahata

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Abstract: The present study has been undertaken to know about the educational status of tribal girls, to know about the problems tribal women education in post independent period and to study the govt. initiatives taken for the educational development of the tribal girls. The study also gives some suggestions that can be implemented for tribal women education development. The tribal women experience number of problems within the course of acquisition of education. One of the major problems is, in some cases, they do not obtain support and assistance from their family members. Furthermore, the tribal individuals are residing in the conditions of poverty and backwardness. The study concludes that in tribal communities, the system of education is not in a well-developed state. In the system of education, there are number of areas, which are deficient. Measures and programs need to be formulated to bring about improvements in them.

Keywords:Tribal Girls, Population, Development, Literacy, Economic Condition.

A Study on the Pre School Education with Special reference to Montessori

Author: Mr. Biswajit Nayek & Dr. Vijendra Mishra

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Abstract: The primary aim of Montessori approach is to enable the child explore him/herself and free that personality; thus, a convenient environment has to be set for the development of the child. How parents, teachers and pre-school institutions set such environments is also studied within this research. Additionally, the effect of the Montessori approach on children that is used by the teachers at school is also observed. Therefore the researcher has made an attempt to focus on the Montessori approach in the preschool education. The Montessori Method is characterized by its emphasis on child-centered learning, individualized instruction, and the creation of a nurturing environment that fosters independence and self-discovery. The Montessori educational philosophy, founded by Maria Montessori, emphasizes the holistic development of preschool children, focusing on their innate abilities and fostering independence and self-regulation.

Keywords: Pre-School Institutions, Parents, Teachers, Learning Process, Environment.

Globalization and its Impact on Women Empowerment in India: A Critical Study

Author: Payel Chowdhury

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Abstract: Globalization has a great impact on women empowerment across the globe. It lays the foundation for women to explore themselves in different spheres like political, social, economic and cultural. Women empowerment means giving the women power and control of their lives so that they can live their lives according their own terms and can have access in all those filed where they were not allowed once upon a time. Legal Policies framed by developed countries helping the women to know their actual rights and working for their personal benefits and societies also. Globalization is creating an environment across the world that women from various sectors and various ages can show their personal talents and hold accountable institutions that affect their lives as well as the societies.  Due to globalization the economic conditions have developed so govts and various companies are promoting various amenities for the betterment of the future of women socially, economically and politically. The success of Team chandrayaan 3 even powered by various Indian’s outstanding women. On the one hand globalization has increased various opportunities for women. Women have entered the workforce through jobs that are mostly produced by globalization. On the other hand, it has dark sides too. India is a developing country rather than developed country so here the economic status of all the people are not equal, various unskilled workers in general are victims of globalization. Though women empowerment is one of the fruits of globalization but in various cases it also causes social disruption of the family and expose women to exploitation, violence and sexual abuse. Sometimes due to lots of work pressure Women have less time at home as they have to contribute more to sustain in the competitive world.

Keywords: Globalization, Women Empowerment, Economic status, Legal Policies, Victims of Globalization.

Holistic Approaches in New Education Policy-2020 to Make Empower the Children with Special Needs in West Bengal Board of Secondary School

Author: Pradip Das & Dr. Suman Sharma

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Abstract: In Chapter 11 of New Education Policy-2020,”Education is fundamental to achieving full human potential, developing an equitable and just society, and promoting national development. The global education development agenda reflected in Sustainable Development Goal(SDG) Goal 4, seeks to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all by 2030”New Education Policy (NEP) 2020. From the perspective of Divyangjans and from RCI’s perspective, this equity-based education another rehabilitation services, needs to be rebooted in the light of the NEP-2020, SDG 4 & Right to Persons with Disability Act (RPwD) Act, 2016.In achieving this basic purpose, the RCI organized National Symposium on “Transforming Human Resource Development in the context of NEP-2020’’- NCERT on 28-29December, 2021 at Convention Centre, NEDFI, Guwahati was extremely successful. In the early 19th Aurobindo says that there has definitely been a change in the outline of Indian education after independence, but it is not sufficient. Every person has some or the other special ability or ability. The purpose of education is. That he should develop these special apologies. The format of education should be such that the abilities available in the person can be developed naturally, so that the child can easily achieve every goal of his life. The need of education should be according to the needs of the future which should develop the inner powers of the child. The goal of education is to develop the child’s powers and make them humanistic and holistic by removing individualism and socialism To realize this special mind should be the aim of education The main aim of education should be to develop the growing soul, to express that which is best in it and to perfect it for noble work.

Keywords:Holistic Education, Holistic Development, Child With Special Needs (CWSN), Inclusive Education, NPE-2020, RPWD Act-3016, RCI Act.-2000, SSM, Inclusive Education, and RTE Act:2009.

Aspects of the Vaishnavism: A Study from the Religious Perspective

Author: Rajib Mahapatra

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Abstract: The present study has been carried out to understand the philosophy of Vaishnav religion and to know about the religious discipline of Vaishnavism. Religion is the ideological reflex of the real world and its form is determined by the structure of that world. The problem of man’s existence and his destiny can be solved by religion. It is also the expression of human spirit, involving in the process of growth. In the development of society, religion has great role. It is a factor of culture that helped in the development of culture, role of culture etc. Religion and its institution have an important role in establishing social harmony. Such type of institution breaks the caste barriers and establishes unity among people. Though the form and object of man’s religious feelings may change over time, but religion is one of the major well springs of human bahaviour.

Keywords: Human Spirit, Society, Culture, Religion, Development, Philosophical Perspectives.

Understanding Mental Health: A Conceptual Study

Author: Dr. Raju Sha

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Abstract: Mental health is a state of equipoise where the individual is at peace with them self, is able to function effectively socially and is able to look after their own basic needs as well as higher function needs. To be functionally positive, one must be able to constructively handle change, relationships, and emotions. It is imperative that psychiatry actively participates in public health initiatives by including the maintenance and promotion of mental health into its practice, research, and education. In order to better understand mental health, mental disease types, and risk factors, the current research set out to investigate what makes a mentally healthy individual tick. A person in good mental health is able to build and sustain loving relationships with others, carry out the social roles expected of them in their culture, adapt to new situations, express their gratitude for good things that have happened, and control negative emotions like sadness. When a person’s mental health is good, they have a sense of self-worth, mastery over their own life, and insight into how their mind and body work together.

Keywords: Mental Health, Community, Biological Factors, Disorders, Social, Economic.

Bengal Women’s Social Status and Identity : In the Light of Bengali Literature in Pre- Colonial India

Author: Saroj Mahata

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Abstract: Human civilization is built on the joint efforts of men and women.  The primitive stage of this civilization was matriarchal social system. But at a particular level of the production system, patriarchal society collapses and with it the status of women is a noun in nation reader. As the term is multi- dimensional and due to this it is not easy to highlight the overall social position of women in any- particular phase of a country. When we think of mughal period women, two different images of women from two different communities, mainly Hindus and Muslims, come to mind. Again, the position of women in each community is different due to Caste. Race, Religion, Class and family and regional differences. In this case socio- economic and Cultural differences act as important dimensions. There is no holistic picture of Indian women in the Mughal Period. Mughal Women’s images are a collection of different fragmentary images. Sociologists Judge the progress and backwardness of the society by looking at the value and status of women. It should be noted as an object of male pleasure. Society did not give any importance to his independent and independent opinion etc. The article discusses how the social status and position of Bengali women during the days of mughal rule in the 18th century has been revealed through literature.

Keywords: Society of Bengal,  Bengali women, Patriarchy, Kaulinya Tradition, Sati Pratha, Women’s Education.

Networking of Rural Libraries in Nagaland: A study of Mokokchung District

Author: Sashilemla Ao

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Abstract: A library network is broadly described as a group of libraries coming together with some agreement of understanding to help each other with a view to satisfying the information needs of their clienteles. National Commission on Libraries & Information Science in its National Programme Document defines a network as two or more libraries engaged in a common pattern of information exchange; through communications for some functional purpose. The future of libraries in rural areas is tied to the future of the communities which they serve. As the telecommunications landscape continues to shift, these communities have opportunities to decrease their isolation, increase their connectedness, and affect the overall health of small towns and even whole regions through the innovative use of new technologies, and the finding sources, libraries in rural areas will strengthen their positon in the community “Networking of Rural Libraries in Nagaland: A Study of Mokokchung District’, discusses the necessity for library networking, and puts forth suggestions for rural library networking in the district.

Keywords: Information Technology, Networking, Resource Sharing, Rural Libraries

মানিক বন্দ্যোপাধ্যায়ের প্রাগৈতিহাসিক : পোশাকের আড়ালে মানুষের আদিম প্রবৃত্তি

Author: মানস কান্তি প্রামানিক

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Abstract: কথাকার মানিক বন্দ্যোপাধ্যায়ের সাহিত্যজীবনের শুরুর দিকের একটি বিখ্যাত গল্প ‘প্রাগৈতিহাসিক’ আখ্যান, গাঁথুনি, ভাষাশৈলী -সব দিক দিয়েই আদর্শস্থানীয় একটি ছোটগল্প গল্পটিতে গল্পকারের স্বতন্ত্র জীবন অন্বেষার অনুসন্ধানের সাথে সাথে ফ্রয়েডীয় মনোবিকলন তত্ত্বের বাস্তব চিত্র উঠে এসেছে। গল্পকার গল্পের প্রধান চরিত্র ভিখু-র নৃশংসতা ও যৌনজীবনের জটিলতার মধ্যে দিয়ে মধ্যবিত্ত সমাজের রংমাখা কৃত্রিম জৌলুসের আড়ালে মানুষের অবচেতন মনে লুকিয়ে থাকা যৌনতা তাড়িত আদিম প্রবৃত্তির উদগ্র চিত্র গল্পে ফুটিয়ে তুলতে সচেষ্ট হয়েছেন। দেখিয়েছেন কীভাবে মানুষ নিজ অসহায়ত্বের নিকট আত্মসমর্পণ না করে, শত বাধা উপেক্ষা করে নিজ অভিপ্রায় অনুযায়ী বাঁচবার চেষ্টা করতে থাকে।

Keywords: মানিক, মানিক বন্দ্যোপাধ্যায়, ছোটগল্প, প্রাগৈতিহাসিক, ফ্রয়েড, মনোবিকলন তত্ত্ব, যৌনতা, নৃশংসতা, আদিম প্রবৃত্তি

আগুনপাখি : জননী থেকে দেশ-জননী হয়ে ওঠার আখ্যান

Author: সুব্রত পুরকাইত

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Abstract:  হাসান আজিজুল হক এর বিখ্যাত উপন্যাস ‘আগুনপাখি’। দেশভাগ, উদ্বাস্তু সমস্যা, মুক্তিযুদ্ধ ইত্যাদি বিষয় নিয়ে যেসব গল্প, উপন্যাস রচিত হয়েছে এবং আজও হয়ে চলেছে তার মধ্যে অন্যতম উপন্যাস ‘আগুনপাখি’। দেশভাগ শুধুমাত্র যে মানুষে মানুষে বিভেদ তৈরি করে তা নয়, তা একটি সংসারের মধ্যেকার আপন জনের মধ্যেও বিভেদ সৃষ্টি করে। লেখক অত্যন্ত দক্ষতার সঙ্গে সেই রূপরেখা তুলে ধরেছেন। গ্রাম্য ও চরম দারিদ্র্যে বড় হওয়া এক নারী বিবাহের পর নতুন সংসারে যখন প্রবেশ করে তখন তার আলাদা আইডেন্টিটি তৈরি হয়। ক্রমে সেই আইডেন্টিটি জননীতে রূপান্তরিত হয়। একজন ‘স্ত্রী’ এবং একজন ‘জননী’ এই দুই সত্তার মধ্যে পার্থক্য বিস্তর। একজন স্ত্রী সইতে পারেন অনেক, কিন্তু একজন জননী সেই পথ নাও অবলম্বন করতে পারেন। তিনি প্রয়োজনে সংসারের বিরুদ্ধে নিজের স্বাধীন সত্তাকে দাঁড় করাতে পারেন। নানান প্রশ্নে জর্জরিত করে দিতে পারেন। প্রচলিত বিশ্বাস ও সংস্কারকে ধাক্কা দিয়ে, পরের উপর নির্ভরশীলতার মিথ্যে বনিয়াদকে টলিয়ে দিতে পারেন। নিজেকে নতুন করে আবার গড়ে নিতে পারেন। নিজেকে সবার সামনে দাঁড় করিয়ে নতুন করে চিনিয়ে দিতে পারেন। এমনই এক ‘নারী’, তার চিরন্তন ‘জননী’র গন্ডি অতিক্রম করে ‘দেশ-জননী’ হয়ে ওঠার পথে নির্ভীক চিত্তে পাড়ি দিতে পারেন।

Keywords:  আগুনপাখি, হাসান আজিজুল হক, দেশ-জননী।

সমকালীন পরিবেশ জীবন বিকাশের ক্ষেত্রভূমি : একটি আলোচনা

Author: সরোজ সেনাপতি

DOI Link ::

Abstract:  শিশুর বিকাশ একটি ধারাবাহিক প্রক্রিয়া। মানুষের জীবন কখনো একমুখী নয়, জন্মলগ্ন থেকে মৃত্যু পর্যন্ত মানুষ কোন না কোন অভিজ্ঞতা লাভ করে। বিশ্ব প্রকৃতির মাঝে থেকে কখনো বা মানুষ শিক্ষালাভ করে। ভারতবর্ষের জলবায়ু, ভূপ্রকৃতি, সাংস্কৃতি কৃষ্টি সম্পূর্ণ বৈচিত্র্যপূর্ণ। মানুষের জীবন বিকাশ কোন একক পরিমণ্ডল কেন্দ্রিক নয়। ঋতুচক্রের ঘূর্ণাবতে যেমন মনের প্রফুল্লতা আসে আবার জীবনে বেঁচে থাকার তাগিদ ফুটে ওঠে। পশ্চিমে মরুভূমি উত্তরে  আল্পিয় তুন্দ্রা হিমবাহ থেকে দক্ষিণপশ্চিমে দ্বীপাঞ্চলের ক্রান্তীয়ন আর্দ্র বর্ষনারন্য মিলিয়ে আমাদের জলবায়ুর বৈচিত্র্যতা। আবার অন্য দিক থেকে বলা চলে ক্রান্তীয়তার কারণে বন্যা, সাইক্লোন সমস্যা অন্যান্য প্রাকৃতিক বিপর্যয় মানুষের জীবনের সাথে ওতপ্রোতভাবে জড়িত। জীবন বিকাশের পথ বৈচিত্র্যমুখী। জীবন ধারণ প্রণালী, খাদ্য, পানীয় সংস্কৃতি মিলিয়েই মানুষের বিকাশ। মানুষ তার অবস্থানের উপর নির্ভর করে জীবন অতিবাহিত করে। পরিস্থিতি তাকে এগিয়ে যেতে যেমন সাহায্য করে আবার তার চলার পথকে রুদ্ধ করে দেয়। জন্ম থেকে মৃত্যু পযন্ত মানুষ তার জীবন বিকাশে নানান পন্থার মুখোমুখি হয়। বিকাশ কখনো এক স্থানে মন্থর হয়ে যায় না জৈবিক তাগিদ অনুযায়ী বৃদ্ধির পথ একসময় বন্ধ হয়ে যায় অথচ বিকাশের রাস্তা খোলা প্রান্তর। মাটি যদি খাঁটি হয় ফসল ফলবে সোনা আবার পরিবেশ যদি সুস্থ হয় জীবন হবে ধন্য। মানসিক, দৈহিক, আধ্যাত্মিক শারীরিক যার কথাই বলি প্রকৃতির অনুসঙ্গে বিকাশ চলমান। জলবায়ু মানুষের খাদ্য নিয়ন্ত্রণ করে নিয়ন্ত্রণ করে ভাষা। আবার জলবায়ু পেশা প্রবেশের পথের টুলস হিসেবে কাজ করে। মৃত্তিকা মানুষকে নতুন করে বাঁচার আশা দেয়। জীবনের সুক্ষতম ভাবনায় ভৌগলিক পরিমণ্ডল মানুষকে বেঁচে থাকার রসদ জোগায়। জীবন বিকাশের নানান দিক মানুষ নির্ভর করে প্রাকৃতিক পরিবেশ অনুসঙ্গে

Keywords:  পরিস্থিতি, পরিবেশ, জলবায়ু, মরুভূমি ও জীবন বিকাশ।