The Impact of Vulnerable Embankments and Climatic Hazards on the Local Communities in the Indian Sundarban Region

Author: Khurshida Khatun

DOI Link :: https://doi-ds.org/doilink/06.2024-62247738/BIJMRD/Vol -2 / 4/A19/Khurshida Khatun

Abstract: The present paper is an attempt to analyze the vulnerable embankment and climatic hazard, and its impact on local community. The total area of Indian Sundarban is about 9360 Sq.km comprising of 102 islands. The entire Sundarban region is the part of Active delta. Sagar is one of the most important community development block of South 24 Parganas District. From primary observation the vulnerability of embankments extremely severe in 5 GPs out of 9 GPs in Sagar Block. Embankments raised along the river bed are the most vital public defence. During the months of April to October the tidal waves assume giant proportions and causes breach in the mud dykes. As a result the local communities are suffering a lot. Climate change and its resultant sea-level rise can significantly increase the vulnerability of coastal embankment of Sagar block of South 24 Parganas District.

Key words: Vulnerable embankment, climatic hazard, extreme events, tropical cyclone, risk assessment, flood hazard, local community

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