Design Behaviour Modification Plan for Children with Intellectual Disability

Author: Mr. Pradeep Kumar

DOI Link : https://doi-ds.org/doilink/06.2024-83326969/BIJMRD/Vol -2 / 4/A5/Pradeep Kumar

Abstract:The purpose of this study was to determine and illustrate the course of behaviour modification for a patient diagnosed with Mild Intellectual Disability who was referred for treatment at a private mental health facility. The patient was presented with complaints of throwing temper tantrums, aggressive and as saulted behavior when things are not done according to him, out burst of anger, overeating, lack of money management. The patient was assessed, diagnosed and a treatment plan was developed. Implemented treatment consisted of behavioural-oriented psychotherapy. The intellectual assessment was conducted to assess the IQ level. Behaviour Analysis was conducted to identify the behaviour excess, behaviour deficits and behaviour assets. At the onset of intervention, clarification of the problem situations was done through antecedent, behaviours and consequences (ABC), motivational interviewing (MI) was also done as it has shown promising results in improving motivation to change and individuals’ confidence in their ability to do so. It also examines how well a programme of positive reinforcement would be accepted in that particular environment.

Key words: Behaviour Modification, Mild Intellectual Disability, Behaviour Oriented Psychotherapy, Motivational Interviewing, Positive Reinforcement.

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